Luk Dim Bun Gwan

The origin of the long pole techniques in Wing Tsun Kung Fu probably dates back to the very ancient pole forms practised by Shaolin monks. Therefore, unlike Wing Tsun Kung Fu practised with the empty hand, the classic and particularly low positions (Sei Ping Ma) form an integral part of long pole training. The long pole measures 2.85 m and, as a result, contrary to many other styles of combat, it is held in both hands at the broader end and not in the middle. In the same manner as when performing the empty hand techniques, the force is passed from the back end of the pole (seen as the elbow) towards the front end (seen as the hand) in a manner as accurate as it is powerful. In ancient times, in periods of war, long weapons, such as the lance, were used to throw off the opponent or keep him at a distance.

These weapons were thus employed with considerable efficacy for centuries. We may therefore think that learning to handle such an archaic weapon would be a pure waste of time. On the contrary, for learning the technique of the « six and a half points » long pole, specific to Wing Tsun, is actually a significant advantage in relation to the general concept of the Wing Tsun Kung Fu system.

In training, the student goes on clearly to identify the link between the geometric principles used in the application method of pole techniques and empty hand techniques.

Such awareness will improve his understanding even further of how the entire range of techniques in the system actually works.In the same way as for the empty hand forms, the long pole form in Wing Tsun focuses on the essential technical links which, subsequently, enable judicious and effective application of the form.

In so doing, we reemphasise the appropriate method which runs through the entire system unique to Wing Tsun, like a guiding principle. In this instance, the concept of the best possible protection of the body (in attack and defence alike, with or without weapons) by the application of geometric relationships, whilst factoring in the space available.

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